Trophic Electrical Stimulation or Therapeutic Electrical Stimulation is a very well researched treatment modality.  Below are listed a selection of Diana Farragher’s published articles on the subject as an introduction to the topic.



Eutrophic Electrical Stimulation for Bell’s Palsy – Farragher D J, Kidd G, Tallis R – Clinical Rehabilitation 1. 265 – 271. (1987)

Appropriate Effects Stimulation for Sufferers from Chronic Bell’s Palsy – Farragher D J – IN TOUCH 44. 18. OCPPP Journal. (1988).

Trophic Electrical Stimulation for Human Muscle in Chronic Traumatic Facial Paralysis – Farragher D J. – Proceedings 10th International World Confederation for Physical Therapy. Book 1. 336 – 370. (1987)

Neuromuscular Plasticity – It’s Relevance to Neuromuscular Stimulation – Farragher D J. – Proceeding Developments in Electro-motor Stimulation and Functional Electrical Stimulation Research and Clinical Practice. Caresr Perth. 111 – 114. (1987).

A Physiological Approach to Neuromuscular Stimulation – Farragher D J